Sarah Parcak fulfills people’s dreams about Archaeology

Morning clouds reveal Machu Picchu, ancient city of the Incas. Peru is home to many archaeological sites — and citizen scientists are mapping the country with GlobalXplorer. Photo: Design Pics Inc./National Geographic Creative GlobalXplorer, the citizen science platform for archaeology, launched two weeks ago. It’s the culmination of Sarah Parcak’s TED Prize wish and, already, more than…

“Everyone will find things on GlobalXplorer,” said Parcak. “All users are making a real difference. I’ve had photos from my friends showing their kids working together to find sites, and emails from retirees who always wanted to be archaeologists but never could. It’s really heartwarming to see this work.”

via ‘Armchair archaeologists’ search 5 million tiles of Peru — TED Blog

History of the Computer Memory

History of the Computer Memory

Dabrowka Stepniewska


The Computer History Museum in Mountain View, California, U.S.,  is a nonprofit organization with a four-decade history as the world’s leading institution exploring the history of computing and its ongoing impact on society. The Museum is dedicated to the preservation and celebration of computer history and is home to the largest international collection of computing artifacts in the world, encompassing computer hardware, software, documentation, ephemera, photographs, oral histories, and moving images.

The Museum brings computer history to life through large-scale exhibits, an acclaimed speaker series, a dynamic website, docent-led tours and education program. The Museum seeks to preserve a comprehensive view of computing history, one that includes the machines, software, business and competitive environments, personal recollections, and social implications of one of humankind’s most important invention – the Computer.

Computer History Museum - Revolution-gallery
Computer History Museum – Revolution – exhibition

The Gwen Bell Artifact and Book Collection comprises written works and physical objects relating to early calculating instruments and methods. These works and objects are held in the permanent collection of the Computer History Museum after generous gifts in 2012 and 2014 by Museum co-founders Gwen and Gordon Bell. The text items in this collection comprise works written in French, German, Latin and English. It begins in the early 17th century (ending in about 1980) and includes dozens of works such as mathematical, accounting, farming, astronomy, merchant and engineering tables, monographs on slide rules, arithmometers, planimeters, sectors, Napier´s Bones, military compasses, telescopes, as well as later-day commentaries on these instruments and their history. The written works are available online in scanned (PDF) form.

Computer History Museum-Enigma-encryption-decryption-device-parts-ca-1930
Computer History Museum-Enigma-encryption-decryption-device-parts-ca-1930

The object collection was established as a complement to the rare book collection and both serve to document the early origins and development of human measurement and computation. Its objects include: abaci, sectors, linear, circular and cylindrical slide rules, mechanical and electrical/electronic adding machines and calculators, and replicas of early calculators such as the Pascaline and the Schikard. With both written sources and complementary physical objects, the Bell Collection offers a unique window into the early origins and development of history´s most significant calculating devices and methods.

Computer History Museum-Abacus-500-ad
Computer History Museum-Abacus-500-ad

The Revolution: The First 2000 Years of Computing exhibition presents the history of computing, from mysterious ancient devices, like the traditional chinese SUAN PAN ABACUS to technologies of the future, like the cloud-based network-attached storage solutions for online backup. You can take a virtual tour through 19 galleries, each dedicated to a different aspect of computing. You can discover the backstories, development drama and astonishing breakthroughs of the gadgets, gurus, and the biggest computer companies in the world.

The Timeline of Computer History presents the memory and storage history, starting from 1947 and the Williams-Kilburn tube  – the first high-speed, entirely electronic memory. Throughout the magnetic memory, the magnetic tape, the concept of virtual memory, first small and minicomputers, memory chip and mass storage system, we are getting near to the present computer memory storages: the flash drives, the Blu-ray optical discs, the cloud-based services and the dropbox.

References:

http://www.computerhistory.org/

http://www.computerhistory.org/collections/gwenbell/

http://www.computerhistory.org/exhibits/revolution/

http://www.computerhistory.org/timeline/memory-storage

http://www.computerhistory.org/planvisit/_media/docs/chm-visitor-map.pdf

http://www.computerhistory.org/planvisit/_media/docs/chm-1hr-tour.pdf

David Szauder: Failed memories

David Szauder: Failed memories

David Szauder


I am inspired by the parallels I see between human memory and computer memory: our brains store away images to retrieve them later, like files stored away on a hard drive. But when we go back and try to re-access those memories, we may find them to be corrupted in some way.

When we see a picture we are able to remember the details, but only for a short period. In the long term we start to lose parts of the details and we fill the gaps with our self-generated memories instead of those lost fragments.

I always add a short narrative to each photo, which often allows to imagine why the subject’s appearance, and sometimes their mind, has been altered, like the glamorous woman driven to paranoia by the bubbles in her champagne.

David Szauder_Eva's glamour
Eva’s glamour

One day she wasn’t able to drink water anymore, just champagne. But from the bubbles she got paranoid.

David Szauder_mr and mrs sanday
mr and mrs sanday

Beautiful sunday with the sanday family. They were a young and solid pair, but the geometry of their feelings have been changed a lot during the years.

David Szauder_story of mr wolf
story of mr wolf

One day Mr Wolf wrote down too much numbers. When his memory was decoded the same numbers somehow modified his fragments.

David Szauder_Failed memories of Leo & Pipo
Failed memories of Leo & Pipo

French artists Leo&Pipo invited me to participate in their collaborative project. It is an honour, because they are making really amazing collages and a lot of elegant street art.

David Szauder_Failed Memories - new narratives_Oliver and the lost identity
Oliver and the lost identity

David Szauder (1976) is a hungarian media artist, living and working in Berlin since 2008. He creates computer code based digital images and interactive installations, curates exhibitions and works as an art director in various projects. Currently he is working at the Hungarian Culture Center in Berlin (CHB), giving lectures in Filmuniversität Babelsberg Konrad Wolf Potsdam and participating in various exhibitions.

David Szauder Gallery

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All pictures published with the Authors’ permission.