Dawid Kobiałka, Mikołaj Kostyrko, Kornelia Kajda
ARCHEOLOGY BEYOND ARCHAĪOS. A CASE STUDY OF A PRISONER OF WAR AND INTERNMENT CAMP IN TUCHOLA (KUJAWY-POMERANIA PROVINCE)
KEY WORDS: archaeology of the recent past, prisoner of war camp, memory, heritage, materiality, remote sensing, LiDAR, Tuchola
The starting point for this paper is a growing archaeological interest in the studies of material culture and landscapes from the recent past. It is argued that traditional approach towards archaeology as science that studies the ancient and the very old is too narrow to embrace the whole diversity of the archaeological research in the contemporary times.
Within contemporary archaeological discourse, there are a few terms that try to account for archaeology beyond archaīos. One can just refer to: the archaeology of us, archaeology of the contemporary past, archaeology of the recent past, archaeology in and of the present or archaeology of the contemporary world. Not being synonymous, these term nonetheless share a conviction that it is material culture, no matter how old or new, that is the constitutive element of archaeological practice.
The discussion concerning recent reconfigurations in archaeological theory and fields of interest is used in the article as a background for the practical presentation of the epistemological potential of archaeology oriented on material culture and landscapes from the recent past. As a case study, the authors use the remains of the prisoner of war and internment camp in Tuchola (Kujawsko-Pomorskie Province, Poland). The camp was run between 1914 and 1923: during the First World War, by Germans and then, during the Polish-Soviet War, by the Poles.
First, the paper shortly discusses the history of the camp on the basis of the available historical data. Second, following archaeological interests in the transformations of landscapes related to modern armed conflicts, the authors analyse and document the remains of the camp using LiDAR-derivatives. The article concludes with the thesis that the materiality of twentieth-century landscapes should become the subject of closer archaeological attention. Along these lines, LiDAR technology can be also a useful tool in the context of approaching such landscapes.
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The article was originally published in Polish at Folia Praehistorica Posnaniensia.
Summary and photos are published with the permission of the Authors.