“… the present is the object only of perception, and the future, of expectation, but the object of memory is the past.”
Aristotle, On Memory and Reminiscence, originally in Ross, W. D. (Ed.) (1930) The works of Aristotle (vol. 3). Oxford: Clarendon Press
To a greater or lesser extent, in our everydayness we are constantly facing such fundamental problems, like the nature of our being, the nature and scope of our knowledge, the relationships between truth, belief, perception. More or less consciously we constantly ask metaphysical and ontological questions about the most general features of reality, such as: existence, time and space, the relationship between mind and body, objects and their properties, wholes and their parts, events, processes, and causation. Therefore, Philosophy seems to be something immanent and inherent to the human beings.
Scholars are struggling with the concepts of Time, Space, Continuance and Memory from the very beginning. Aristotle perceives Time as cumulative and Memory as a process going from an affectation in the past to a perception in the present. He doesn’t see a clear distinction between past and present. The subject of the memory belongs to the past while the perception of it belongs to the immediate present.
I treat Philosophy as a theoretical basis for each human activity, because every time we try to explore and describe a thing or some phenomenon, we ask philosophical questions, whether we like it or not. When we ask: what is a picture? what are its properties? What are the time and place of taking this picture- we deal with ontology. Asking further questions: what do we see in this picture? whether that, what we see, is reality itself or only a representation of some reality? are we able to recognize and to understand this “materialised” reality using our perception and cognition? – we deal with epistemology.